Temporal Influence on Awareness
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING
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Grossbergs Motion Oriented Contrast FilterMOC was extensively analyzed7. The output from the filters global motion neuronal layer was compared to a noncausal post-processing filter developed by AFIT. Both filters were shown to incorporate a weighted, noncausal temporal range of input data in processed output. The global motion framework was then implemented using a physiologically motivated pulsed neural model - the Pulse Coupled Neural NetworkPCNN. By incorporating both spatial and temporal data, the PCNN was shown to exhibit a common visual illusion, apparent motion. The existence of a physiological temporal processing range was further investigated through implementation of two multi-modal experiments which integrated visual and auditory stimulus input channels. Results from the first experiment reinforce earlier findings from literature of a temporal window for perception of simultaneous activity. Events occurring within this window are considered simultaneous events which span more than one window are considered temporally separate. Data collected from the second experiment suggests future inputs from an accessory auditory stimulus impact current perception of a visual stimulus. The influence of the auditory accessory stimulus decreases as the temporal delay between visual and auditory stimulus presentation is increased up to a maximum value of approximately 40 milliseconds. These tests results suggest the existence of perceptual noncausality in the mind - awareness as a function of past, current, and future perceptual inputs.