A Study of Large Droplet Ice Accretions in the NASA-Lewis IRT at Near-Freezing Conditions
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CLEVELAND OH LEWIS RESEARCH CENTER
Pagination or Media Count:
This report documents the results of an experimental study on large droplet ice accretions which was conducted in the NASA-Lewis Icing Research Tunnel IRT with a full-scale 77.25 inch chord Twin-Otter wing section. This study was intended to 1 document the existing capability of the IRT to produce a large droplet icing cloud, and 2 study the effect of various parameters on large droplet ice accretions. Results are presented from a study of the IRTs capability to produce large droplets with MVD of 99 micrometers and 160 micrometers. The effect of the initial water droplet temperature on the resultant ice accretion was studied for different initial spray bar air and water temperatures. The initial spray bar water temperature was found to have no discernible effect upon the large droplet ice accretions. Also, analytical and experimental results suggest that the water droplet temperature is very nearly the same as the tunnel ambient temperature, thus providing a realistic simulation of the large droplet natural icing condition. The effect of temperature, droplet size, airspeed, angle-of-attack, flap setting and de-icer boot cycling time on ice accretion was studied, and will be discussed in this report. It was found that, in almost all of the cases studied, an ice ridge formed immediately aft of the active portion of the de-icer boot. This ridge was irregular in shape, varied in location, and was in some cases, discontinuous due to aerodynamic shedding.
- Military Aircraft Operations
- Snow, Ice and Permafrost