Automobile Materials Competition: Energy Implications of Fiber-Reinforced Plastics,
ARGONNE NATIONAL LAB IL
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The embodied energy, structural weight, and transportation energy fuel requirement characteristics of steel, fiber-reinforced plastics, and aluminum were assessed to determine the overall energy savings of materials substitution in automobiles. In body panels, a 1.0-lb steel component with an associated 0.5 lb in secondary weight is structurally equivalent to a 0.6-lb fiber-reinforced plastic component with 0.3 lb in associated secondary weight or a 0.5-lb aluminum component with 0.25 lb of secondary weight. Secondary weight refers to the combined weight of the vehicles support structure, engine, braking system, and drive train, all of which can be reduced in response to a decrease in total vehicle weight.
- Laminates and Composite Materials
- Surface Transportation and Equipment