Availability, Accessibility, and Adequacy of Health Care Provided to USAF Active Duty Women in Theater During Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm.
Final rept. 9 Jan-30 Sep 95,
ARMSTRONG LAB BROOKS AFB TX
Pagination or Media Count:
Using data from the Department of Defense Desert Storm File, a stratified random sample of 186 USAF female Operation Desert ShieldStorm ODSS veterans were interviewed by telephone. Participants were surveyed regarding self-reported medical problems and health care experienced while deployed to ODSS. Results based on analysis of 186 surveys show generally high overall ratings for availability, accessibility, and adequacy of the health care received during deployment, while identifying numerous opportunities for improvement. In particular, mental health problems were frequent 20 and women reported problems with access to care and reluctance to seek care for these problems. Gastrointestinal illnesses during ODSS were the most prevalent affecting 33 and orthopedic injuries the most likely to lead to a provider visit in 90 of cases. Using a definition of declining health status and physical fitness as a change from excellent, very good, or good before deployment to poor or fair afterward, the percentages of women reporting declining health status and physical fitness level were 15.9 and 8.5, respectively. Data show a 12 relative increase in prevalence of cigarette smoking from pre- to during deployment. Further investigation is needed to examine possible risk factors associated with declines in health status and physical fitness level.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Sociology and Law
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations