Evaluation of Slurry Nozzles to Support the Supplemental Fuels Development.
WESTON (ROY F) INC WEST CHESTER PA
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The U.S. Army generates significant quantities of off-specification and scrap energetic or explosives materials. Energetic materials are also contained in obsolete and unserviceable munitions. Disposal options for these energetic materials are limited because current methods such as open burning and open detonation are being restricted by environmental regulations. Incineration of explosives in a water slurry is a known method of disposal but it is expensive. The U.S. Army Environmental Center USAEC is investigating technologies to safely and effectively destroy energetic and explosive materials. Previous laboratory-scale testing conducted by USATHAMA has shown that blending explosives with fuel oil and burning the resultant mixture can be completed successfully at Hawthorne Army Ammunition Plant HWAAP, which is located in Hawthorne, NV. A pilot-scale system was constructed for mixing explosives such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene TNT and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-t,3,5-triazine RDX in fuel oil and firing the resulting mixture into an industrial boiler to generate steam. During operational testing of the pilot boiler at HWAAP, plugging of the oilexplosive mixture was experienced.
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
- Ammunition and Explosives
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control