Tropical Cyclone Report, 1994,
Annual rept. Jan-Dec 94,
NAVAL OCEANOGRAPHY COMMAND CENTER/JOINT TYPHOON WARNING CENTER FPO SAN FRANCIS CO 96630
Pagination or Media Count:
1994 WAS NOTABLE FOR THE Joint Typhoon Warning Center JTWC in many respects. We witnessed the two longest-lived tropical cyclones on record Typhoon John, which lasted for 30 days over the North Pacific Ocean and Tropical Cyclone Rewa 05P which lasted for 21 days in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. We also, for the first time in history, recorded the binary interaction between Typhoon Pat and Tropical Storm Ruth and through eventual merger. The Northwest Pacific NWPAC was especially active in 1994, with several long lived, slow-moving typhoons that dramatically increased the workload for the men and women of the JTWC. For the first time in our 36-year history, the JTWC issued more than 1000 warnings in NWPAC, on a total of 41 significant tropical cyclones. The DMSP Tropical Cyclone Reconnaissance Network DMSP Network logged over 5000 fixes during the year also a record high. In spite of the very heavy workload, the JTWC continued to improve its forecast accuracy. Track forecast errors at 48- and 72-hours were the lowest ever, and intensity forecast errors were among the lowest in 20 years. Sixty warnings were issued on the five tropical cyclones which occurred in the North Indian Ocean during 1994, and a record total of 390 warnings on 30 tropical cyclones in the Southern Hemisphere, 27 of which were within JfWCs area of responsibility. JTWC forecast errors were better than the long-term averages for 19 years in the North Indian Ocean, and among the lowest ever for the 14 years in the Southern Hemisphere.