Salute Gun Design Bureau's Space Flight Program.
NATIONAL AIR INTELLIGENCE CENTER WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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The Salute Gun design bureau was established in March 1951. At that time, it was composed of an aircraft manufacturing plant specializing in the production of heavy bombers which produced 3MM4 model long range bombers which are still in use even today as well as the first M50 model supersonic bombers. In 1960, the factory was reorganized to be a space rocket design bureau. In the 1960s and 1970s, it built the Proton delivery rockets which have already been fired over 200 times. In conjunction with that, it began producing 20 ton heavy model space craft. In the 1970s and 1980s, it independently or together in combined production groups with Energy scientific research, manufactured, and, in conjunction with that, launched Salute Gun space stations, the Peace orbital station, the Cosmos series satellites Cosmos 929, Cosmos 1267, Cosmos 1443, Cosmos 1682, and so on, as well as the Quantum, Quantum 2, the Crystal, and other similar science modules. At the present time, they are preparing to produce the Spectrum and Nature modules. In the period 1986-1987, it built the first space craft with a weight reaching 100 tons--the Polar Region. On 15 May 1987, it carried out the first launch using an Energy delivery rocket. The mission scope of the Salute Gun design bureau is very broad. It manufactures various models of delivery rockets used as booster stages to send space craft into deep space, freighter ships and orbital stations, returnable type space craft and resealable modules, etc. KAR p. 4