Organizing Anarchy: Planning for Refugee Support Operations.
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES
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Refugee support operations have significantly impacted the international community in recent years. Internationally sponsored humanitarian aid is almost always required to ease refugee suffering and misery. Historical evidence indicates that the use of military forces to assist governmental and non-governmental agencies in administering refugee support missions is increasingly becoming the norm. Additionally, the National Security Strategy of the United States outlines refugee support as a priority mission. As a consequence, military leaders must be prepared to plan and execute refugee support operations. This monograph proposes that the analysis of previously conducted refugee support operations will reveal a set of planning considerations relevant to future refugee support missions. These considerations can be organized within the operational function framework as defined in Joint Publication 5-00.1, Doctrine for Joint Campaign Planning. The planning design elements include command and control, intelligence, movement and maneuver, support and protection. Operation Provide Comfort and Operation New Life form the historical database for the analysis. This study concludes that the proposed planning considerations are valid for use in future refugee support operations. Development of a new planning framework for each RSO is unnecessary. Furthermore, the monograph recommends including the proposed design elements in doctrine. Additionally, the monograph identifies the primacy of unity of effort and cultural analysis during refugee support planning. Institutional school training and unit training are recommended methods to achieve the required level of training in these non-standard areas.
- Government and Political Science
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies