United States Security Assistance 1977-1980: Human Rights Issues Affecting Arms Transfers.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF LOGISTICS AND ACQUIS ITION MANAGEMENT
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The 1970s were a period of great transition for the United States. Plagued by the Vietnam conflict, a conflict which we could never win because of poor planning and lack of resolve by government officials in the highest office, and the Watergate debacle, where our government veered out of control, the time was ripe for change. Which is precisely why the ideals and philosophies of one James Earl Carter enabled him to ascend to become the 39th President of the United States. President Carter entered office pledging the United States would lead the way in the restriction of weapons exports and increase world awareness on the issue of human rights. He kept his word by passing a six-point plan, known as Presidential Directive 13, which imposed a variety of restrictions on the transfer of arms from the United States to other countries. He also attempted to accomplish his human rights objective by linking the transfer of arms with the recipient countrys acceptable treatment of its populace. By protesting human rights violations he hoped to secure increased rights for the politically oppressed around the world. Though the Carter effort did succeed in raising the level of concern for human rights around the globe, due to its uneven application and inconsistent implementation, it was discarded as a policy in 1979. The six-point plan to reduce the proliferation of arms around the globe was also ineffective, primarily because countries friendly to the United States did not agree with the merits of the plan.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law