Identifying Situational Factors Contributing to Combat Performance During Desert Shield and Desert Storm.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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Previous research into morale, cohesion, and motivation as determinants of performance during combat concentrates primarily on front-line ground troops. This research focuses on determinants of high performance involving United States Air Force USAF aircraft maintenance personnel in rear-echelon contingency bases during Desert Shield and Desert Storm. The significant amount of combat force projected from USAF contingency bases and the likely continued use of such force justifies analysis of determinants of performance for this environment. Basic situational factors information, food, living conditions, Morale, Welfare, and Recreation MWR activities, mail and phone service, and entertainment are potentially influential in motivating maintenance personnel to perform. These factors were evaluated via survey to Gulf War participants to determine each factors impact on morale, cohesion, and motivation. Correlations were determined and hierarchical set regression was used to determine the level of factor influence. Results showed situational factors did influence the maintainers morale, cohesion, and motivation to varying degrees and, as a whole, the situational factors explain more variance in these concepts than did attitudinal factors.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics