Accession Number:

ADA300060

Title:

Virtual Tools. A Framework for Simplifying Sensory-Motor Control in Robotic Systems.

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.,

Corporate Author:

ROCHESTER UNIV NY DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

Report Date:

1995-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

27.0

Abstract:

We describe and demonstrate a construct termed a virtual tool, that provides a flexible interface to sensory-motor control. This interface is, from a user standpoint, substantially less complex, and more application-oriented than the raw devices. The basic idea is to use extra degrees of freedom present in a flexible system, in conjunction with sophisticated sensing e.g. vision, to dynamically configure or tailor a manipulator so that it is matched to a particular situation and operation. This virtual tool is created by imposing customized, sensory modulated constraints between various degrees of freedom in the system. The remaining degrees of freedom constitute a small set of control parameters that are fitted to a particular operation. We argue that, within the confines of fairly broad application domains, a small set of tool classes can be defined that will serve as a general purpose sensory-motor toolbox for a wide variety of applications. We further argue that such class definitions can be made portable not only across tasks, but across platforms as well. The implementation of a number of basic tool classes, on various platforms, using vision and other sensory modalities, is described and their use in performing multi-stage sensory-modulated manipulation tasks is illustrated.

Subject Categories:

  • Cybernetics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE