Measures of Effectiveness. The Transition from Peace-Enforcement to Peacekeeping.
NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT
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Peace operations are assuming an increasingly visible and important role as an instrument of international diplomacy and national policy. The transition between two types of peace operations, peace-enforcement and peacekeeping, represents an operational shift that has strategic implications. Anticipating the optimum point at which to make this transition presents the regional CINC with a significant operational challenge. A potential approach to developing reliable measures of effectiveness with which the CINC can assess operational progress and anticipate this transition is to link them to broad, enduring concepts such as the variables of peace operations force, consent, and impartiality, the six principles of miLitary operations other than war objective, restraint, legitimacy, unity of effort, security1 and perseverance, and selected operational concepts center of gravity and culminating point of attack. The 1965 U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic included a successful transition from peace-enforcement to peacekeeping. Although formal peace operations doctrine was relatively immature, attention to the aforementioned broad, enduring concepts proved effective during the operation and provided a useful focus for developing measures of effectiveness with which to assess operational progress and anticipate the operational shift from peace-enforcement to peacekeeping. KAR P. 1
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics