Perception of 3D Motion through Patterns of Visual Motion.
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK CENTER FOR AUTOMATION RESEARCH
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Geometric considerations suggest that the problem of estimating a systems three-dimensional 3D motion from a sequence of images, which has puzzled researchers in the fields of Computational Vision and Robotics as well as the Biological Sciences, can be addressed as a pattern recognition problem. Information for constructing the relevant patterns is found in spatial arrangements or gratings, that is, aggregations of orientations along which retinal motion information is estimated. The exact form of the gratings is defined by the shape of the retina or imaging surface for a planar retina they are radial lines, concentric circles, as well as elliptic and hyperbolic curves, while for a spherical retina they become longitudinal and latitudinal circles for various axes. Considering retinal motion information computed normal to these gratings, patterns are found that have encoded in their shape and location on the retina subsets of the 3D motion parameters. The importance of these patterns is first that they depend only on the 3D motion and not on the scene in view, and second that they utilize only the sign of image motion along a set of directions defined by the gratings.