National Defense Stockpile: Views on DOD's 1992 Report to the Congress and Proposed Legislation.
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS DIV
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The General Accounting Offices preliminary assessment indicates that DOD has made considerable efforts to improve its methodology for estimating stockpile requirements. However, the process used, taken in its overall context, is limited as a basis for determining specific estimates of stockpile requirements. GAO is concerned about the representation of uncertainty associated with goal estimates and the use of outdated data in the models. Although these shortcomings cast doubt on the specifics of DODs proposed requirements goals, changes in the world situation and reductions in force structure indicate that cautious disposal of some material is probably prudent. GAO suggests that disposal of cobalt and other materials by DOD be carried out in full consultation with experts in other federal agencies and outside the government. Before discussing these points further, some background information on the stockpile and the DOD report may be helpful. In 1946, Congress enacted the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act, which authorized the present stockpile. Strategic and critical materials are those materials needed to supply the military, industrial, and essential civilian needs of the United States during a national emergency, and which are not likely to be produced domestically at levels sufficient to meet those needs. The current stockpile is composed of 91strategic and critical materials, including aluminum, beryllium, chromium, cobalt, germanium, industrial diamonds, manganese, and platinum. In February 1988, management of the stockpile was transferred by executive order from the General Services Administration and the Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA to the Department of Defense. KAR p. 2
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