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Leader Traits and Behavior as Determinants of Leadership Effectiveness in a Military Academy.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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This correlational field study examined the relationships between personality traits, leader behaviors, and leader effectiveness. The study took place at the United States Air Force Academy, and the subjects were the eighty cadet squadron commanders in position during the 1993 - 1994 academic year. Additionally, this research analyzed the effect of the leadership training currently given to the cadet commanders. The results of the study showed that all of the behaviors and a few of the traits were significantly correlated with leader effectiveness. The correlations between leader personality and behavior were also much lower than expected. In some cases, results were difficult to interpret due to problems in the measurement of traits, behaviors, and effectiveness. The leadership training proved to be largely ineffective in terms of enhancing the behaviors known to be correlated with leader effectiveness.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE