Oxygen Transfer Similitude for a Vented Hydroturbine. Water Operations Technical Support Program.
MINNESOTA UNIV MINNEAPOLIS DEPT OF CIVIL AND MINING ENGINEERING
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Discharge from large impoundments of water, such as those found behind hydroelectric installations, can have major impacts on downstream water quality. Discharges from surface layers over spillways can significantly improve dissolved oxygen DO levels in tail waters. Conversely, discharges from lower hypolimnetic regions in a reservoir can release anoxic waters whose low DO can result in large-scale environmental damage. A new technology has been developed called the auto-venting turbine that aspirates air into hydroelectric turbine discharges in order to substantially improve release DO when it is needed. There is a great deal of research involved in determining the limits of effectiveness of oxygen transfer through auto-venting turbines, and improving the performance of early prototypes. Many preliminary investigations at several different locations failed to reveal a single best design for the auto-venting turbine. As a result current research efforts have gone toward designing and testing of turbine models and evaluation of the effectiveness of model runner configurations. jg
- Physical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Water Pollution and Control