Learning Hand/Eye Coordination by an Active Observer. Part 1: Organizing Centers.
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK CENTER FOR AUTOMATION RESEARCH
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This report, the first of a three-part series, presents preliminary results in a study on the role of the active observer in the handeye coordination problem. It was shown in 11 that the handeye coordination problem can be represented, for a given pose of the observer, by the singularities of a surface, the PCS. Small changes in the pose of the observer generally produce smooth deformations of the PCS. There are configurations, however, from which arbitrarily small modifications of the point of view result in profound changes in the topological nature of the PCS. This paper studies these bifurcation configurations and, furthermore, investigates the possibility of determining a priori displacements of the observer that can achieve a desired effect on the PCS such as simplifying its topology or reducing the number of singularities separating the current configuration from a goal to be reached. The result of this analysis takes the form of the family portrait of all possible aspects of the PCS, indexed by the geometry of the manipulator and the pose of the observer relative to it. A handeye system is then completely coordinated-has learned its PCS-when a portrait has been matched with the experimental data gathered by the low-level controller 3.
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems