DID YOU KNOW? DTIC has over 3.5 million final reports on DoD funded research, development, test, and evaluation activities available to our registered users. Click HERE
to register or log in.
Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in U.S. Veterans of the Gulf War,
WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
This brief report summarizes a study conducted jointly by the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research WRAIR and the U.S. Army Medical Research Unit-Europe on stress-related symptoms among soldiers who deployed for Operation Desert ShieldStorm ODSS. Research methods include a survey conducted in November and December 1991, nine to ten months after the Gulf War, with 3,720 soldiers Private to Staff Sergeant and 544 leaders Sergeant First Class to Lieutenant Colonel. Participants were asked about their combat experiences and current levels of symptoms and adjustment. Stress response was measured by the Impact of Event Scale and the Brief Symptom Inventory. Respondents were not assessed for PTSD, but they were asked about symptoms typically associated with the disorder. Results indicate that the majority of respondents report some PTS-related symptoms over the previous week 69 report at least one intrusive symptom 37 report at least three avoidance symptoms and 46 report at least two arousal symptoms. Symptom risk was associated with exposure to dead or wounded casualties, particularly to U.S. casualties. The report concludes that soldiers of all ranks, especially leaders, should be aware that PTS symptoms are common following a wartime deployment.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE