Archeological Data Recovery of the Camino Site (16JE223), A Spanish Colonial Period Site Near New Orleans, Louisiana
Final rept. Jan 1995-Jan 1996
EARTH SEARCH INC NEW ORLEANS LA
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The Camino site 16JE223 was a multi-component site located within the limits of a planned interior drainage canal to be constructed as part of the V-Levee Floodwall and Highway 45 Levee Closures, a feature of the Westwego to Harvey Canal, Louisiana Hurricane Protection Project, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. Components revealed at the Camino site included a prehistoric shell midden a late-eighteenth-century occupation, and an early-nineteenth-century occupation. These components were neither horizontally nor vertically discrete. The late-eighteenth-century component is presumed to be associated with the occupation of Bayou des Families by Canary Islanders Islenos, who were settled there by the Spanish colonial government in 1779. The settlement was largely abandoned over the next several years. Nonetheless, a few households of Islenos remained in the area as late as the first decade of the nineteenth century. The prehistoric component consisted of two small Rangia deposits and a scatter of aboriginal ceramics. While some of the aboriginal ceramics were collected from the shell deposits, the majority were found mixed with European material at the site. Radiocarbon dates indicate that the occupation dates ca. A.D. 1020 to 1405. Evidence for the early-nineteenth-century occupation consists of several sherds of annular and green shell-edged pearlware, a few cut nails, a key, and a shovel. Some of the earlier material from the site may also date to this later occupation.
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