Loss of Muscle Mass is Poorly Reflected in Grip Strength Performance in Healthy Young Men
ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA
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Isometric maximal handgrip strength GS max has been used as an expedient test of overall muscle strength and index of fat-free mass FFM. We tested this relationship in 55 fit young men undergoing high rates of FFM loss in an 8.5-wk military training course involving multiple stressors including nutritionally uncomplicated energy deficit. GSmax was measured by a hand dynamometer interfaced with a computer providing visual feedback another strength test, measuring dynamic strength of larger muscle groups Cleansim, was also performed. GSmax did not change 530 or - 57 vs 529 or - 63 N in the face of a 15.6 loss of body weight 12.1 or - 3.4 SD kg, including 6. 9 loss of FFM 4.6 or - 2.6 kg, but Cleansim decremented significantly 77.4 or - 9.6 to 58.7 or - 8.9 kg and changes were significantly correlated with Delta FFM for GSmax r 0.31 and Cleansim r 0.49. We conclude that GSmax is not a good representation of changes in total FFM in healthy young men even though it appears to be useful in more severely catabolic patients with extreme losses of FFM and in pubertal boys making large gains in FFM. Other aspects of physical performance are clearly affected by high rates of weight loss, as demonstrated by decrements in the Cleansim and its stronger relationship to Delta FFM.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research