Information Infrastructures for Integrated Enterprises
INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA
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This report assesses private sector efforts to use industrial information infrastructures to help integrate activities across enterprises. Related literature and 22 leading companies in the electronics, aerospace, and automotive sectors were studied to determine why industry is investing in integration, what the key issues are and their implications for the DoD, what results have been achieved, what progress is being made in standardization efforts, and what industrial enterprise integration may look like in the year 2001. The companies reported significant improvements in cost, cycle-time, quality, and capacity. Most companies focused on internal integration, but some firms have succeeded in inter-company enterprise integrations. Their initial efforts were based on use of common proprietary systems in large islands of integration e.g., all of manufacturing or all electrical design rather than on non-proprietary exchange standards and enterprise-wide frameworks, but several efforts to create open standards received strong industrial and DoD support. The report is intended for use by the DoD in planning a strategy for establishing industrial information infrastructures and more integrated defense enterprises. The report describes a baseline of industrial activities and related standards, identifies the issues that must be addressed by the DoD, and provides a set of recommendations regarding planning the strategy.
- Information Science
- Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering and Control of Production Systems