Psychological Type and Preferences in the Academic Environment
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF LOGISTICS AND ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT
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This research addresses significant relationships between the components of an individuals psychological type and cognitive style, as measured by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator MBTI, and preferences within the academic environment, as indicated on the Educational Style Survey ESS. The areas within the academic environment which were addressed include classroom configuration, subject matter difficulty, students study strategy, testing method preferences, amount of studentfaculty interaction, and adaptability to academic stress. The sample consisted of 695 Air Force Institute of Technology AFIT graduate students in the School of Logistics and Acquisition Management 1985-93 who completed the MBTI and the ESS. The analysis utilized in this research was the Chi-Squared Goodness of Fit procedures, which determined that some preferences within the academic environment are most or least preferred by the eight MBTI single letter psychological types and the four cognitive types. The eight single letter types are composed of four bipolar types which are ExtraversionIntroversion, SensingiNtuition, ThinkingFeeling, and Judging Perceiving, and the four cognitive types are Sensing-Thinking ST, Sensing-Feeling SF, Intuitive-Thinking NT, and Intuitive-Feeling NF, Recommendations for additional research are provided. Myers-Briggs type indicator, Educational style survey cognitive style, Academic environment.
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