Accession Number:

ADA282989

Title:

Temperature Dependence of the Electromechanical Properties of O-3 PbTiO3-Polymer Piezoelectric Composite Materials

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB ORLANDO FL UNDERWATER SOUND REFERENCE DETACHMENT

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1994-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

13.0

Abstract:

The electromechanical properties of 0-3 ceramic-polymer composite piezoelectric materials manufactured by NTK Corporation in Japan have been measured as a function of temperature using several techniques. The elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric constants were measured by fitting the complex admittance vs frequency spectrum to a model of a piezoelectric resonator near the electromechanical resonance. These properties are shown to vary significantly with temperature as a result of the glass-transition region of the polymer phase. These theory of viscoelasticity in polymers discussed by Ferry WLF theory, which explains the influence of the glass transition on the elastic properties of polymers, is used to describe temperature dependence of the elastic and dielectric properties of the composite materials. The temperature dependence of the dielectric permittivity is shown to be similar in form to the temperature dependence of the elastic properties. The application of the time-temperature superposition principle for shifting experimental data to account for differences in measurement frequencies and temperatures is demonstrated. These measurements are compared with independent elastic property measurements and with results from thermal analysis. They are found to be consistent. The observed properties can be related to the structure of the composite material.

Subject Categories:

  • Polymer Chemistry
  • Laminates and Composite Materials
  • Electricity and Magnetism
  • Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE