Processes Involved in the Integration of Pictures and Discourse
Annual rept. 1 Jun 1993-31 May 1994
WISCONSIN UNIV-MADISON DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Pagination or Media Count:
From 793 to 694 William Langston and Douglas Kramer continued work on a series of experiments investigating the use of spatial mental models to notice relationships between objects that have not been mentioned in a text the series of experiments headed Experiment 1 in the proposal. From 793 to 1293 the experiments were conducted using sentence reading time as a dependent variable to determine if readers, take longer to process a sentence in which the objects referred to in the sentence are far from the locus of attention in a mental model compare to when the objects in the sentence are near to the locus of attention. Subjects performed a diagram verification task after reading each text to encourage formation of spatial mental models. From 194 to 594 the experiments were redesigned to investigate the phenomenon in simpler arrangements because subjects were not showing a noticing effect in the more complex design. For these experiments, subjects were asked to read texts describing a spatial arrangement of three objects. A manuscript describing the results of these experiments is currently in preparation. Also, this work was reported in Langston, W., Glenberg, A.M. Kramer, D.C. 1994 Mental models are not very spatial. Paper presented at the EARLI conference, Helsinki, Finland, June 1994, and in a colloquium given by Arthur Glenberg at the University of Minnesota.