Measures of Change and the Determination of Equivalent Change
Technical rept. Apr-Jun 1994
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF MATHEMATICS
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Equivalent change in percentages, probabilities, or other variables belonging to a finite interval cannot be properly determined using methods appropriate for the real or positive real numbers, since these may require a variable to fall outside its interval of definition. A general theory for determining equivalent change on any open interval G of real numbers is developed. Properties for measures of change are proposed which give G a group structure order isomorphic to the naturally ordered additive group of real numbers. Different group operations on G determine numerically different measures of change, and numerically different results for equivalent change. Requiring the group product on G to be a rational function of its factors yields familiar results for equivalent change on the real and positive real numbers, and a function recently proposed by Ng when G is the open unit interval. Ngs function is not uniquely characterized by his twelve reasonable properties, but is uniquely determined when the group product on G depends rationally on its factors. Geometrical interpretations of these results for the real numbers, positive real numbers, and the open unit interval are also given.
- Statistics and Probability