A Study of Aircraft Post-Crash Fuel Fire Mitigation
Interim rept. Jul 1991-Feb 1993
SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX BELVOIR FUELS AND LUBRICANTS RESEARCH FACILITY
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Extensive research has been conducted on methods of controlling aircraft post-impact fuel fires. Mechanism studies of hydrocarbon fuel ignition and flame propagation have identified feasible approaches to agent selection and dispersal schemes. Selection of agents is closely controlled by guidelines of the Montreal Protocol Agreements and allowable agent manufacturing as specified by the Environmental Protection Agency. Effectiveness of agents has been determined under a variety of laboratory test conditions. Mass transport of the inerting agent into the vapor above the fuel as well as the environmental conditions in the vapor space play an important role in inerting agent effectiveness. Schemes to control hydrocarbon vapor and to enhance inerting agent effectiveness are discussed.
- Military Aircraft Operations
- Atmospheric Physics