Examination of the Processes Underlying Multilevel Efficacy-Performance Spirals: A Flight Simulation Study.
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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A dynamic multilevel model of the relationships between efficacy, causal attributions, affect and performance at the individual and team level of analysis was tested using a PC-based flight and combat jet simulator and 102 Air Force Recruit Officer Training Corp AFROTC cadets 51 dyads. The impact that performance, causal attributions, and affect have on subsequent individual and team efficacy and subsequent performance over-time were investigated. These relationships were examined twice at the individual level of analysis one per teammate and once at the team level of analysis. In addition, the relationship between individual efficacy and performance, and collective team efficacy and performance were observed over four trials. Finally, the compositional and cross-level effects of individual and team efficacy and performance were explored. Results suggest initial support for the multilevel efficacy-performance spiral model, and the influences of causal attributions and affect on this dynamic model. A summary of the findings, the perceived strengths and limitations of this study, suggestions for future research, and applied considerations are outlined.
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems