Emerging National Space Launch Programs. Economics and Safeguards
OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR POLICY WASHINGTON DC
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Most ballistic missile nonproliferation studies have focused on trends in the numbers and performance of missiles and the resulting security threats. This report concentrates on the economic viability of emerging national space launch programs and the prospects for imposing effective safeguards against the use of space launch technology for military missiles. For the convenience of discussion in this report, a reference to ballistic missiles hereafter means surface-to-surface guided ballistic missiles only. Space launch vehicles SLVa are surface-to-space ballistic missiles, and they will be referred to explicitly as space launch vehicles or space launchers. Surface- to-surface unguided ballistic missiles will be referred to as rockets.