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A Modular Approach to Modeling an Isolated Power System on a Finite Voltage Bus Using a Differential Algebraic Equation Solving Routine

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Master's thesis

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The modeling of power systems has been primarily driven by the commercial power utility industry. These models usually involve the assumption that system bus voltage and frequency are constant. However, in applications such as shipboard power systems this infinite bus assumption is not valid. This thesis investigates the modeling of a synchronous generator and various loads in a modular fashion on a finite bus. The simulation presented allows the interconnection of multiple state-space models via a bus voltage model. The major difficulty encountered in building a model which computes bus voltage at each time step is that bus voltage is a function of current and current derivative terms. Bus voltage is also an input to the state equations which produce the current and current derivatives. This creates an algebraic loop which is a form of implicit differential equation. A routine has been developed by Linda Petzold of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory for solving these types of equations. The routine, called DASSL Differential Algebraic System Solver, has been implemented in a pre-release version of the software ACSL Advanced Continuous Simulation Language and has been made available to the Naval Postgraduate School on a trial basis. An isolated power system is modeled using this software and the DASSL routine. The system response to several dynamic situations is studied and the results are presented. Electric power systems, Electric machine simulation, Shipboard power systems, Power system modelling, Differential algebraic equation, Implicit differential equations.

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  • Electric Power Production and Distribution

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