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Role of Working Memory Limitations of Retrieval.
Annual technical rept. May 93-May 94,
SOUTH CAROLINA UNIV COLUMBIA DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Over the past year, 11 studies have been completed on the role of working memory limitations on storage retrieval of information. One series demonstrated that, if subjects are highly trained and there is no interference among the items being retrieved, working memory limitations play no role in retrieval. However if there is interference among the information being retrieved, individuals low in working memory capacity suffer in retrieval from active memory compared to high working memory individuals. Regardless of interference condition, however, working memory capacity plays no role in retrieval from inactive or secondary memory. A second series of studies demonstrated that the phonological similarity effect, one of the primary sources of evidence for the articulatory loop, is not found if the words in the lists to be recalled are chosen from an unlimited set and presented silently. This casts doubt on the generality of this code, particularly for silent reading. Working memory capacity, Attention, Resources, Capacity, Inhibition, Task sharing.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE