Deception: Past, Present, and Future Possibilities
NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI DEPT OF OPERATIONS
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Deception, at some level, is a part of any conflict. The importance of deception in warfare has been formally expressed at least since the fourth century B.C. when Sun Tzu wrote about the merits of deception in warfare and suggested that deception can be used as a force multiplier. This paper addresses the successful use of deception in two past operations. The first operation, BarclayMincemeat, shows how deception can be used to even the odds when a force is inferior. The second operation, Desert Storm, shows how deception should be used if possible, even when a force is superior, in order to save lives and resources. The analysis includes a description of the operations and a comparison of why each operation was or was not successful. Using these conclusions, the paper develops several lessons learned and recommendations for future deception operations.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics