Anzio (Operation Shingle): An Operational Perspective
NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI DEPT OF OPERATIONS
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This case study analyzes the role of operational art in Allied operations at Anzio, Italy and the battle for Rome January 22-June 4, 1944. As part of the Allied Campaign in Italy, the amphibious assault on Anzio-code-named Operation Shingle, and the subsequent drive to Rome remains one of the most controversial military operations in history. Although the Allies eventually captured Rome from the Germans, the failure to use operational thinking led to a poorly planned and executed operation. Most historical accounts blame the failures at Anzio on the lack of aggressiveness by the Operation Shingle commander Major General John P. Lucas. However, when viewed in the larger context of the strategy to defeat Germany and the Allied Campaign in Italy, Operation Shingle is a showcase of failure at the operational level of war. Political rather than military considerations drove Shingle-dooming the operation from the start.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics