Using Local Optimality Criteria for Efficient Information Retrieval with Redundant Information Filters
Progress rept. Jan-Dec 1993
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
Pagination or Media Count:
We consider information retrieval when the data, for instance multimedia, is computationally expensive to fetch. Our approach uses information filters to considerably narrow the universe of possibilities before retrieval. Then decisions must be made about the necessity, order, and concurrent processing of proposed filters an execution plan . We develop simple polynomial-time local criteria for optimal execution plans, and show that most forms of concurrency are suboptimal with information filters. Although the general problem of finding an optimal execution plan is likely exponential in the numbers of filters, we show experimentally that our local optimality criteria, used in a polynomial-time algorithm, nearly always find the global optimum with 15 filters or less, sufficient number of filters for most applications. Our methods do not require special hardware and avoid the high processor idleness that is characteristic of massive-parallelism solutions to this problem. We apply our ideas to an important application, information retrieval of captioned data using natural-language understanding, a problem for which the natural-language processing can be the bottleneck if not implemented well. Filters, Optimization, Queries, Conjunction, Boolean algebra, Natural lan guage.
- Information Science
- Operations Research