Kinetics and Mechanisms of Thermal Decomposition of Nitroaromatic Explosives
Final rept. 20 Apr 1990-20 Apr 1993
DELAWARE UNIV NEWARK
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A critical examination of the kinetics and mechanisms of nitroaromatic explosives is made. The initiation reaction mechanisms differ with temperature. Shock initiation conditions produce mostly C-NO, bond homolysis. Impact initiation produces a mixture of C-NO2 homolysis and reactions of the non-energetic substituents on the ring. Time-to-explosion for times longer than about 0.1 seconds is controlled mostly by catalysis from the decomposition products of the parent molecule. The explosive characteristics depend to a large extent on the relative proportions of the gaseous decomposition products that are generated in the initial reaction steps.
- Organic Chemistry
- Physical Chemistry
- Ammunition and Explosives