Accession Number:

ADA279437

Title:

Exchanges Between Hemispheres and Gyres: A Direct Approach to the Mean Circulation of the Equatorial Pacific

Descriptive Note:

Doctoral thesis

Corporate Author:

WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION MA DEPT OF APPLIED OCEAN PHYSICS AND ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1993-09-01

Pagination or Media Count:

271.0

Abstract:

The pathways for cross-equatorial and cross-gyre exchange are studied with an extensive set of new high-quality hydrographic data. Use of repeat surveys or comparison with historical data ensured that the data reflect mean conditions. An inverse model adjusts the circulation such that volume, heat and salt are conserved in subthermocline layers. Cross-equatorial flow is achieved in the abyss in a deep western boundary current which transports 10 Sv 1xl0exp 6cu ms of dense Southern Ocean water into the North Pacific. This flow returns southward as warmer deep water, crossing the equator in the interior by some unknown mechanism. In the upper ocean, subtropical gyre waters flow equatorward and entrain in the eastward equatorial currents which in turn feed the eastern Pacific upwelling system. The upwelled waters supply the South Equatorial Current, accounting for a larger transport than predicted by Sverdrup theory. Surface northward flow across the equator in the western Pacific supplies the North Pacific Ekman flux. The Pacific Ocean does not convert large mounts of abyssal to thermocline water, as required by several theories of the global thermohaline circulation. The Pacific-Indian throughflow is essentially zero, though an error analysis allows a range of 0-8 Sv. Pacific, Equatorial, Circulation.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE