Accession Number:

ADA279124

Title:

NMR Relaxation Behavior of the Head Group of SHBS in Lamellar Liquid Crystals

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept. 1 Jan 1993-23 Apr 1994

Corporate Author:

MISSOURI UNIV-ROLLA DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1994-04-23

Pagination or Media Count:

28.0

Abstract:

Deuterium NMR relaxation-time constants T1Q and T1Z from spectra of a phenyl-ring-deuterated double-tailed surfactant, sodium 4-1-heptylnonyl benzenesulfonate SHBS in liquid crystals formed with water were obtained from 0 to 80 deg C. The relaxation-time constants were determined for the 15 and 90 degree orientations of the powder sample. This data is compared to predicted relaxation time constants from two different models for molecular reorientation, including I phenyl-rings undergoing uniaxial reorientation about the l-4 axis II phenyl-rings rotating rapidly about the l-4 axis of a molecule which is reorienting about a space fixed director axis. Both models include an adjustable parameter that describes molecular motion about the l-4 axis that results from either strong collisions or small step free rotational diffusion. The results from both models indicate the rate of reorientation about the l-4 axis of the phenyl ring is approximately three times the nuclear Larmor frequency of the deuterium nucleus, 30 MHz, at room temperature. This rate increases with increasing temperature. The best fits of the data were determined using model II. The predicted rate constants for motion about this axis differ slightly for each model, whereas, the type of motion predicted by the two models is very different. Model I indicates reorientation about the l-4 axis is more like strong collisions. Model II indicates that the motion is more like small step rotational diffusion. Surfactants, Interfaces, Dynamics, Deuterium NMR.

Subject Categories:

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Isotopes
  • Crystallography
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE