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A Mechanics Mode for the Compressive Response of Fiber Reinforced Composites
Technical rept. 1 Jan 1993-29 Mar 1994
TENNESSEE UNIV KNOXVILLE DEPT OF ENGINEERING SCIENCE AND MECHANICS
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This article presents a model for the uni-axial compressive response of uni-directionally reinforced fibrous composite. The model accounts for the non-linear shear response and the failure strain of the matrix, incorporating both aspects into a non-linear field equation which governs the load-deflection process. In addition, the model considers the effects of two kinds of geometric imperfections, namely, initial fiber waviness and random fiber spacing. It is shown that under uni-axial compression random fiber spacing may instigate the formation of severe transverse loadings on the fibers, which suggest the existence of a transitional mechanism from micro-buckling to micro-kinking. Computational results are presented which illuminate the effects of several material and geometric factors on the compressive strength of composites.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE