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Stochastic Models of Attention and Search
Annual rept. 1 Mar 93-28 Feb 94,
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV BALTIMORE MD DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Pagination or Media Count:
Six lines of experimentation have been continued. In the first set of experiments, the PI has tested and rejected a two-process model of visual attention allocation. He has proposed an alternative perceptual sampling model and performed stochastic simulations of the model to show that it can account for certain aspects of human performance in cued visual search tasks. In the second set of experiments, the PI has found evidence that observers perceive occluded objects across time, a finding that complements an analogous ability to perceptually complete partially occluded objects across space. Several lines of experimentation have been carried our using a bistable apparent motion display the Ternus display as a tool to explore the assignment of object identity over time. For example, the PI has found evidence that a common mechanism may underlie the perception of bistable apparent motion and the capture of visual attention in certain visual search tasks, and he has discovered that perceptual grouping by proximity can precede the assignment of motion correspondences in bistable apparent motion. In the fifth project, the PI has shown that visual salience is not sufficient to produce attentional capture a deliberate state of attentional readiness is required to guide attention according to salient stimulus attributes.
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