DID YOU KNOW? DTIC has over 3.5 million final reports on DoD funded research, development, test, and evaluation activities available to our registered users. Click HERE
to register or log in.
Fundamental Studies in Crack Initiation
Annual rept. 15 Sep 1992-14 Sep 1993
ILLINOIS UNIV AT CHICAGO CIRCLE DEPT OFCIVIL ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND METALLURGY
Pagination or Media Count:
Mechanistic investigations of damage evolution before crack initiation in an amorphous polymer show that damage consists of a core of highly dense crazing and a peripheral less dense zone of crazing. Damage characterization is carried out at consecutive configurations of the damage zone. Analysis of the kinematics of damage at different times involves comparisons of the inertia moments of damage distributions. The results indicate that damage evolution between consecutive configurations can be approximated by a linear transformation of the space variables. Thus, the process of damage growth can be described by translation and deformation of the damage zone. The growth rates of the damage zone movements decrease until crack initiation. In all cases, the average densities exhibit a damping type behavior with the number of cycles. The crack initiates within a core zone immediately ahead of the stress concentrator. The experimental results suggest that damage density within the core zone is independent of the loading conditions considered herein. This value is approximately equal to the damage density around the crack tip during slow crack propagation. The crack length at initiation is found to increase exponentially with the stress level. A simple decaying exponential relationship relates the crack initiation times and the applied stress level. This result is consistent with the fracture models based on absolute reaction theories.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE