Forward-Looking Infrared: Capabilities for Search and Rescue
ARMY AEROMEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT RUCKER AL
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Joint doctrine for search and rescue stress capability and flexibility to respond to various mission scenarios. Expanded mission requirements will necessitate enhanced visual capabilities for navigation and rescue in hostile environments. Forward-looking infrared FLIR is to be used for search, rescue, and navigation on the U.S. Army MEDEVAC UH-60Q helicopter currently under development. The purpose of this study was to determine FLIR capabilities needed for search and rescue operations with the UH-60Q concept helicopter. Five aviators were assessed in flight with two FLIR systems having different magnification and look-down capabilities. Detection and recognition of a human target and aircraft positioning for rescue were evaluated using FLIR. There was no difference between FLIR systems in the distance for detection of the human target p less than 0.50, but recognition occurred at a 4 times greater range with sensor magnification p less than 0.01. In addition, the accuracy of aircraft positioning for rescue was 2 times greater with unrestricted look-down capability in the FLIR system p less than 0.03. These results indicate the value of multiple FLIR magnification and complete look-down capability for search and rescue operations. Forward-looking infrared, Night vision devices, Detection, Recognition.
- Infrared Detection and Detectors
- Escape, Rescue and Survival