Accession Number:

ADA277255

Title:

Assimilation of Altimeter Data in a Two-Layer Primitive Equation Model of the Gulf Stream

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1994-02-01

Pagination or Media Count:

22.0

Abstract:

A two-layer finite depth, primitive equation model of the Gulf Stream region is used to study the effect of updating the model with simulated altimeter data as observations. In this study both a complete field of sea surface height SSH and SSH sampled along satellite tracks are used as observations. A simulated 17-day repeat orbit corresponding to the Geosat-ERM and a 10-day repeat period corresponding to TopexPoseidon are used. Satellite observations give only information about the sea surface height but previous studies have shown that it is important to transfer the surface information to the lower layer as fast as possible in order for the model to have a realistic evolution. A statistical inference technique is therefore used to update the lower-layer pressure field. The velocity fields in both layers are updated using a geostrophic correction calculated from the change in the pressure fields. It is shown that updating the velocities is important for the assimilation to be successful.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE