Azo Polymers for Reversible Optical Storage. 4. Cooperative Motion of Rigid Groups in Semicrystalline Polymers
QUEEN'S UNIV KINGSTON (ONTARIO) DEPT OF CHEMISTRY
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Polarized light induces a preferred orientation of azobenzene groups through photochemical trans-cis-trans processes. Stronger orientation tendencies exist if the azo-containing polymers are crystalline or liquid crystalline and the cooperative reorientation of nonactive mesogens of similar shape has been demonstrated. This paper shows that cooperative reorientation is a more general phenomenon and can take place even for a nonactive rigid group of a different shape which is bonded in the main chain while the azobenzene groups are in the side-chains. Comparison is made between a disperse red containing amorphous azo polymer pDR1A and a disperse red 19 - containing semi-crystalline azo polymer pDR19T with phenylene diacrylate PD groups within the main chain. Dichroic ratios are obtaining from infrared and electronic spectra and are correlated with a writingerasingrewriting sequence performed with an argon laser. A maximum birefringence of 0.08 can be obtained on pDR1A, while on the birefringence is 0.27 in similar conditions. This is the result of a combination of the semicrystallinity of pDR19T and of the cooperative orientation of PD groups along with the azobenzene groups. The drawback in terms of optical storage is the longer time required to write or erase. Azo polymer, Cooperative motion, IR Dichroism.
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymer Chemistry
- Electrooptical and Optoelectronic Devices