A Comparison of Military and Commercial Aircraft Development
Research rept. Aug 1992-Apr 1993
INDUSTRIAL COLL OF THE ARMED FORCES WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
When compared to the commercial sector, it takes the military almost four times longer to develop an aircraft. For example, Boeing Company developed the 767 jetliner in about four years whereas the Navys next generation tactical aircraft, the AX, is expected to take 15 years to develop. This research paper examines both commercial and military approaches to aircraft development. The paper focuses on establishing whether or not commercial practices, where more cost effective, can be incorporated into the military acquisition system. The paper illustrates that aircraft development in the commercial and military are different for two fundamental reasons. First. military aircraft development exploits the latest untested developments in technology where the commercial sector relies only on existing technologies. Second, a commercial aircraft is developed for the single mission of ferrying passengers and cargo. Military aircraft are required to perform far more varied and different missions with each parameter driving its own unique challenge for design and testing. This research paper concludes that without similar mission requirements, there are few commercial applications that can be applied to military aircraft development.
- Military Aircraft Operations
- Civilian Aircraft