Bosnia and Collective Security UN, EC, NATO, CSCE, WEU--Which Task for Whom
Research rept. Aug 1992-Apr 1993
INDUSTRIAL COLL OF THE ARMED FORCES WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
The resurgence of regional instability is an apparent manifestation of the post Cold-War era. Regional instability manifests itself in a wide range of behaviors from small border disputes to ethnic conflict and in some cases wars of independence. The war in Bosnia-Herzegovina is a gruesome example of how devastating post-Cold War regional instability can become. Because of this rapid rise in regional instability, a mechanism is needed which helps prevent and resolve these crises. Our global and regional security organizations possess such mechanisms, but are they capable of responding adequately to such instability The Bosnian situation may provide some insight. This paper examines the ability of the UN and the European regional security organizations--European Community EC, Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe CSCE, North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO, and Western European Union WEU--to deal with the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Specifically, the paper reviews pertinent aspects of the regions history. It analyzes the national security interests of the major western states capable of influencing the conflict Britain, France, Germany, and the United States and their preferred multilateral approach in Bosnia and the surrounding European region. It examines the roles of the EC, CSCE, UN, NATO, and WEU, and the effectiveness of each in dealing with Bosnia. Finally, the paper addresses the strengths and weaknesses of the EC, UN, CSCE, NATO, and WEU as revealed in Bosnia.
- Government and Political Science