A Paraperspective Factorization Method for Shape and Motion Recovery
CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE
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The factorization method, first developed by Tomasi and Kanade, recovers both the shape of an object and its motion from a sequence of images, using many images and tracking many feature points to obtain highly redundant feature position information. The method robustly processes the feature trajectory information using singular value decomposition SVD, taking advantage of the linear algebraic properties of orthographic projection. However, an orthographic formulation limits the range of motions the method can accommodate. Paraperspective projection, first introduced by Ohta, is a projection model that closely approximates perspective projection by modelling several effects not modelled under orthographic projection, while retaining linear algebraic properties. Our paraperspective factorization method can be applied to a much wider range of motion scenarios, such as image sequences containing significant translational motion toward the camera or across the image. The method also can accommodate missing or uncertain tracking data, which occurs when feature points are occluded or leave the field of view. We present the results of several experiments which illustrate the methods performance in a wide range of situations, including an aerial image sequence of terrain taken from a low-altitude air plane.
- Cartography and Aerial Photography