The Development of an Instrument to Measure Fourteen Theoretical Factors for the Attribution of Charisma
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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This study attempted to validate Hicks 1991 findings of 11 factors which could be used to measure the attribution of charisma. Three new factors were added and their validity measured. The instrument measured whether followers differentiated between charismatic and non-charismatic leaders in terms of these factors. We tested if the subjects responded differently to the attribution of charisma based on gender or whether or not they had someone in mind as they completed the instrument. Cronbachs Alpha was used to measure the validity of the 14 factors land to compare them to previous findings. All 14 factors were validated, some with modifications, as measures of the attribution of charisma, and compared favorably with Hicks 1991. It was determined that the changes made to the original scales did not help their validity. A paired t-test showed that 10 of the 14 factors were used by subjects to differentiate between charismatic and non-charismatic leaders. Bonferonnis multiple comparison of treatments was used to reveal that men and women attribute charisma similarly except in isolated cases, and that whether or not a person had someone in mind as they filled out the survey made little difference for the attribution of charisma. Leadership, Charisma, Transformational, Attribution theory.
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