Accession Number:

ADA276187

Title:

Three-Year Incidence Study of Retroviral and Viral Hepatitis Transmission in a Peruvian Prostitute Population

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD

Report Date:

1993-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

7.0

Abstract:

A Peruvian female prostitute population was evaluated over a 3-year period to determine the incidence and risk factors of retroviral and viral hepatitis transmission. At three survey periods, a questionnaire was administered and serum samples were obtained. A total of 966 subjects were studied, with 34 followed for 38 months, 22 followed for 18 months, and 44 evaluated just once. On initial evaluation, 3 0.3 had HIV-1 antibody, 170 17.6 had HTLV-I antibody, 578 59.8 had anti-HBc, and 7 0.7 had antibody to hepatitis C virus. The mean annual incidence of HTLV-I and hepatitis B infection was 1.6 and 4.7, respectively. Univariate and logistic regression analysis of prevalence data indicated an association between sexual activity and HTLV-I and hepatitis B infection, but no independent risk factors were identified in cohort analysis. Parenteral risk factors were not associated with transmission, except for a small percentage of subjects who may have acquired hepatitis B infection from blood transfusions. These findings suggest that there is a high incidence of HTLV-I and hepatitis B infection from heterosexual contact in this female prostitute population. HIV-1, HTLV-I, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Prostitution

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Microbiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE