Accession Number:

ADA275869

Title:

An Evaluation of Personality Testing and the Five-Factor Model in the Selection of Landing Craft Air Cushion Vehicle Crew Members.

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB PENSACOLA FL

Report Date:

1993-07-30

Pagination or Media Count:

21.0

Abstract:

The purpose of our investigation was to determine if personality testing and a five-factor model could improve the selection of Landing Craft Air Cushion LCAC vehicle crew members. Vehicle crew members for the LCAC are currently selected on the basis of their performance on a computer-based psychomotor selection system. The various psychomotor tests in the selection system have demonstrated predictive validity in LCAC crew training. Certain personality characteristics may also be involved in the LCAC vehicle crew training success. In fact, various researchers have found that personality testing may improve the selection of NavyMarine Corps aviators. There is increasing evidence that a five-factor model may be useful in describing the personality characteristics involved in training success. We believe that a five-factor model may improve the selection system used for LCAC vehicle crew members. A principal component analysis with varimax rotation was conducted to determine the underlying structure of the Adult Personality Inventory API with 168 LCAC crew candidates. The resulting factor scores were then analyzed using advanced statistical techniques to determine the relation of the personality factor scores and the performance-based test to an underway grade in training criterion. The results indicated that one personality factor, openness, significantly improved predictions of the criterion p 0.05. Based on these results, we believe that personality testing would improve the selection of LCAC vehicle crew members. Selection, Psychomotor testing, Five-factor personality, Personality testing, Computerized assessment.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Marine Engineering
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE