Accession Number:

ADA275264

Title:

Fluid Dynamic Noise in a Centrifugal Pump

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ASSOCIATES INC GLASTONBURY CT

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1993-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

111.0

Abstract:

Pressure distributions and frequency spectra have been obtained in a centrifugal pump having flow rates between the design point and near shut-down. The pump was comprised of a radial flow impeller with four backswept blades and a single volute. Measurements were obtained at the design flow rate and at off- design conditions to advance understanding of noise generation, to quantify the contribution of tonal, narrowband and broadband components to the overall noise and to develop strategies for suppressing fluid dynamic noise by flow control and active control. Fluid dynamic noise was generated by the unsteady conditions encountered by the impeller blade. Unsteady conditions originated from non- uniformities at the inlet and the impeller outlet at design and off-design conditions. Inlet flow non-uniformity was induced by separation regions. Flow separations are inherent in turbomachinery because of growth of the boundary layer and the disturbance effect of the rotating impeller. Flow non-uniformity at the impeller outlet stemmed from inlet flow non-uniformities in the inlet, from propagation of pressure waves in a vaneless diffuser, and from scroll effects.

Subject Categories:

  • Pumps, Filters, Pipes, Tubing, Fittings and Valves
  • Acoustics
  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE