Accession Number:

ADA275109

Title:

Large-Scale Coronal Temperature and Density Distributions, 1984-1992

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

PHILLIPS LAB HANSCOM AFB MA

Report Date:

1993-09-10

Pagination or Media Count:

7.0

Abstract:

In this Letter we characterize the temperature and the density structure of the corona utilizing spectrophotometric observations at different heights but it the same latitude during the descending phase of cyclic 21 through the ascending phase of cyclic 22. The data include ground-based intensity observations of the green FE XIV Lambda 5303 and red Fe x Lambda 6374 coronal forbidden lines, photospheric magnetographs from the National Solar Observatory, Kitt Peak, and synoptic maps of white-light K-coronal polarized brightness, pB. from the High Altitude Observatory. A determination of plasma temperature T can be estimated from the intensity ratio Fe xFe XIV where T is inversely proportional to the ratio, since both emission lines come from ionized states of Fe, and the ratio is only weakly dependent on density. Distributions of the electron temperature from the line ratio and the polarized brightness which yields electron density of the corona during the descending and the ascending phases of solar cycles 21 and 22 are presented. These data refer to structures of the corona which are relatively large scale, having a temporal coherence of at least two or more synoptic rotation periods, such as the streamer belt, the individual helmet streamers, and the larger coronal holes. We observe that there is a large-scale organization of the inferred coronal temperature distribution that is associated with the large-scale structures in the solar magnetic fields this organization tends to persist through most of the magnetic activity cycle.

Subject Categories:

  • Astrophysics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE